The Alan Sondheim Mail Archive

March 2, 2004


"Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)"
Adjusting plane Adjusting plane or surface surface
   A small plane or surface, usually capable of adjustment but
   not of manipulation, for preserving lateral balance in an
   a"eroplane or flying machine.

"Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)"
Pedal Pe"dal, a. L. pedalis, fr. pes, pedis, foot. See
   Foot, and cf. Pew.
   1. Of or pertaining to the foot, or to feet, literally or
      figuratively; specifically (Zo"ol.), pertaining to the
      foot of a mollusk; as, the pedal ganglion.

   2. Of or pertaining to a pedal; having pedals.

   Pedal curve or surface (Geom.), the curve or surface
      which is the locus of the feet of perpendiculars let fall
      from a fixed point upon the straight lines tangent to a
      given curve, or upon the planes tangent to a given

   Pedal note (Mus.), the note which is held or sustained
      through an organ point. See Organ point, under Organ.

   Pedal organ (Mus.), an organ which has pedals or a range of
      keys moved by the feet; that portion of a full organ which
      is played with the feet.

"Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)"
Surface Sur"face`, n. F. See Sur-, and Face, and cf.
   1. The exterior part of anything that has length and breadth;
      one of the limits that bound a solid, esp. the upper face;
      superficies; the outside; as, the surface of the earth;
      the surface of a diamond; the surface of the body.

            The bright surface of this ethereous mold. --Milton.

   2. Hence, outward or external appearance.

            Vain and weak understandings, which penetrate no
            deeper than the surface.              --V. Knox.

   3. (Geom.) A magnitude that has length and breadth without
      thickness; superficies; as, a plane surface; a spherical

   4. (Fort.) That part of the side which is terminated by the
      flank prolonged, and the angle of the nearest bastion.

   Caustic surface, Heating surface, etc. See under
      Caustic, Heating, etc.

   Surface condensation, Surface condenser. See under
      Condensation, and Condenser.

   Surface gauge (Mach.), an instrument consisting of a
      standard having a flat base and carrying an adjustable
      pointer, for gauging the evenness of a surface or its
      height, or for marking a line parallel with a surface.

   Surface grub (Zo"ol.), the larva of the great yellow
      underwing moth (Triphoena pronuba). It is often
      destructive to the roots of grasses and other plants.

   Surface plate (Mach.), a plate having an accurately dressed
      flat surface, used as a standard of flatness by which to
      test other surfaces.

   Surface printing, printing from a surface in relief, as
      from type, in distinction from plate printing, in which
      the ink is contained in engraved lines.

"Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)"
Surface Sur"face, v. t. imp. & p. p. Surfaced; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Surfacing.
   1. To give a surface to; especially, to cause to have a
      smooth or plain surface; to make smooth or plain.

   2. To work over the surface or soil of, as ground, in hunting
      for gold.

"Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)"
Polar Po"lar, a. Cf. F. polaire. See Pole of the earth.
   1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a
      sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the
      poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds.

   2. Of or pertaining to the magnetic pole, or to the point to
      which the magnetic needle is directed.

   3. (Geom.) Pertaining to, reckoned from, or having a common
      radiating point; as, polar co"ordinates.

   Polar axis, that axis of an astronomical instrument, as an
      equatorial, which is parallel to the earths axis.

   Polar bear (Zo"ol.), a large bear (Ursus, or Thalarctos,
      maritimus) inhabiting the arctic regions. It sometimes
      measures nearly nine feet in length and weighs 1,600
      pounds. It is partially amphibious, very powerful, and the
      most carnivorous of all the bears. The fur is white,
      tinged with yellow. Called also White bear. See Bear.

   Polar body, cell, or globule (Biol.), a minute cell
      which separates by karyokinesis from the ovum during its
      maturation. In the maturation of ordinary ova two polar
      bodies are formed, but in parthogenetic ova only one. The
      first polar body formed is usually larger than the second
      one, and often divides into two after its separation from
      the ovum. Each of the polar bodies removes maternal
      chromatin from the ovum to make room for the chromatin of
      the fertilizing spermatozo"on; but their functions are
      not fully understood.

   Polar circles (Astron. & Geog.), two circles, each at a
      distance from a pole of the earth equal to the obliquity
      of the ecliptic, or about 23deg 28', the northern called
      the arctic circle, and the southern the antarctic circle.

   Polar clock, a tube, containing a polarizing apparatus,
      turning on an axis parallel to that of the earth, and
      indicating the hour of the day on an hour circle, by being
      turned toward the plane of maximum polarization of the
      light of the sky, which is always 90deg from the sun.

   Polar co"ordinates. See under 3d Co"ordinate.

   Polar dial, a dial whose plane is parallel to a great
      circle passing through the poles of the earth. --Math.

   Polar distance, the angular distance of any point on a
      sphere from one of its poles, particularly of a heavenly
      body from the north pole of the heavens.

   Polar equation of a line or surface, an equation which
      expresses the relation between the polar co"ordinates of
      every point of the line or surface.

   Polar forces (Physics), forces that are developed and act
      in pairs, with opposite tendencies or properties in the
      two elements, as magnetism, electricity, etc.

   Polar hare (Zo"ol.), a large hare of Arctic America
      (Lepus arcticus), which turns pure white in winter. It
      is probably a variety of the common European hare (L.

   Polar lights, the aurora borealis or australis.

   Polar, or Polaric, opposition or contrast (Logic), an
      opposition or contrast made by the existence of two
      opposite conceptions which are the extremes in a species,
      as white and black in colors; hence, as great an
      opposition or contrast as possible.

   Polar projection. See under Projection.

   Polar spherical triangle (Spherics), a spherical triangle
      whose three angular points are poles of the sides of a
      given triangle. See 4th Pole, 2.

   Polar whale (Zo"ol.), the right whale, or bowhead. See

"Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)"
Cylindric Cy*lin"dric (s?-l?n"dr?k), Cylindrical
Cy*lin"dric*al (-dr?-kal), a. Gr. kylindriko`s, from
   ky`lindros cylinder: cf. F. cylindrique.
   Having the form of a cylinder, or of a section of its convex
   surface; partaking of the properties of the cylinder.

   Cylindrical lens, a lens having one, or more than one,
      cylindrical surface.

   Cylindric, or Cylindrical, surface (Geom.), a surface
      described by a straight line that moves according to any
      law, but so as to be constantly parallel to a given line.

   Cylindrical vault. (Arch.) See under Vault, n.


Of Horror

When did you last see a cute cheerful schoolgirl
When did you last see her
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When did you
see last pleasure
You might have seen it
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come inside and watch how it happens.  electric
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manners, all characters -
meet the
When did you last see her

Trace projects

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 2 Mar 2004 10:01:55 -0800
From: Joel Weishaus <>
To: Alan Sondheim <>
Subject: Cybermidrash


I archived Cybermidrash at:



Joel Weishaus
Visiting Faculty
Department of English
Portland State University
Portland, Oregon


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