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Date: Mon, 04 Jul 2005 16:00:13 -0700
From: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory <>
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Subject: NASA's Deep Impact Generates Its Own Spectacular Photo Flash


DC Agle (818) 393-9011
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

Dolores Beasley (202) 358-1753
NASA Headquarters, Washington

Lee Tune (301) 405-4679
University of Maryland, College Park

NEWS RELEASE: 2005-110 				July 4, 2005


The hyper-speed demise of NASA's Deep Impact probe generated
an immense flash of light, which provided an excellent light
source for the two cameras on the Deep Impact mothership.
Deep Impact scientists theorize the 820-pound impactor vaporized
deep below the comet's surface when the two collided at 1:52 am
July 4, at a speed of about 10 kilometers per second
(6.3 miles per second or 23,000 miles per hour).

"You can not help but get a big flash when objects meet at
23,000 miles per hour," said Deep Impact co-investigator Dr.
Pete Schultz of Brown University, Providence, R.I.  "The heat
produced by impact was at least several thousand degrees Kelvin
and at that extreme temperature just about any material begins
to glow. Essentially, we generated our own incandescent photo
flash for less than a second."

The flash created by the impact was just one of the visual surprises
that confronted the Deep Impact team. Preliminary assessment of the
images and data downlinked from the flyby spacecraft have provided
an amazing glimpse into the life of a comet.

"They say a picture can speak a thousand words," said Deep Impact
Project Manager Rick Grammier of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
Pasadena, Calif. "But when you take a look at some of the ones we
captured in the early morning hours of July 4, 2005 I think you can
write a whole encyclopedia."

At a news conference held later on July 4, Deep Impact team members
displayed a movie depicting the final moments of the impactor's life.
The final image from the impactor was transmitted from the short-lived
probe three seconds before it met its fiery end.

"The final image was taken from a distance of about 30 kilometers
(18.6 miles) from the comet's surface," said Deep Impact Principal
Investigator Dr. Michael A'Hearn of the University of Maryland,
College Park. "From that close distance we can resolve features on
the surface that are less than 4 meters (about 13 feet) across.  When
I signed on for this mission I wanted to get a close-up look at a comet,
but this is ridiculous. in a great way."

The Deep Impact scientists are not the only ones taking a close look at
their collected data. The mission's flight controller team is analyzing
the impactor's final hours of flight. When the real-time telemetry came
in after the impactor's first rocket firing, it showed the impactor
moving away from the comet's path.

"It is fair to say we were monitoring the flight path of the impactor
pretty closely," said Deep Impact navigator Shyam Bhaskaran of JPL. "Due
to the flight software program, this initial maneuver moved us seven kilometers
off course. This was not unexpected but at the same time not something we hoped
to see. But then the second and third maneuvers put us right where we wanted to be."

The Deep Impact mission was implemented to provide a glimpse beneath the
surface of a comet, where material from the solar system's formation remains
relatively unchanged. Mission scientists hoped the project would answer basic
questions about how the solar system formed, by providing an in-depth picture
of the nature and composition of the frozen celestial travelers known as comets.

The University of Maryland is responsible for overall Deep Impact mission science,
and project management is handled by JPL. The spacecraft was built for NASA by Ball
Aerospace & Technologies Corporation, Boulder, Colo.

For the latest images and information about Deep Impact on the Internet, visit:


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