The Alan Sondheim Mail Archive

July 21, 2005

the island

no, nothing happens, nothing moves
some iceplants move in the foreground
is it an island or artificial coagulation
structures are oil pumps and attendant machinery

the island is perfectly poised
i do not know, does it float? surely it is anchored
sometimes in enormous seas islands have difficulty
perhaps this can float away

men live on the island for a week
i'm peering behind some iceplants
i couldn't see the men but could see the palms
the palms perhaps are real and perhaps not

what would anchor the palms?
what would anchor the men on the island?
what anchors the men anchors the palms
both are anchored to the earth and its bodhisattvas

the island is not an island
not an island is an island
if this is an island is it not an island?
if this is not an island is it an island?

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2005 14:05:52 -0700
From: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory <>
To: "" <>
Subject: NASA's New Mars Orbiter Will Sharpen Vision of Exploration

PASADENA, CALIF. 91109 TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011

Guy Webster (818) 354-6278
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

Dolores Beasley  (202) 358-1753
NASA Headquarters, Washington

News Release: 2005-118							July 21, 2005

NASA's New Mars Orbiter Will Sharpen Vision of Exploration

NASA's next mission to Mars will examine the red planet in unprecedented detail from low orbit and
provide more data about the intriguing planet than all previous missions combined. The Mars
Reconnaissance Orbiter and its launch vehicle are nearing final stages of preparation at NASA's
Kennedy Space Center, Fla., for a launch opportunity that begins Aug. 10.

The spacecraft will examine Martian features ranging from the top of the atmosphere to underground
layering. Researchers will use it to study the history and distribution of Martian water. It will also
support future Mars missions by characterizing landing sites and providing a high-data-rate
communications relay.

"Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is the next step in our ambitious exploration of Mars," said NASA's
director, Mars Exploration Program, Science Mission Directorate, Douglas McCuistion. "We expect
to use this spacecraft's eyes in the sky in coming years as our primary tools to identify and evaluate
the best places for future missions to land."

The spacecraft carries six instruments for probing the atmosphere, surface and subsurface to
characterize the planet and how it changed over time. One of the science payload's three cameras will
be the largest-diameter telescopic camera ever sent to another planet. It will reveal rocks and layers as
small as the width of an office desk. Another camera will expand the present area of high-resolution
coverage by a factor of 10. A third will provide global maps of Martian weather.

The other three instruments are a spectrometer for identifying water-related minerals in patches as
small as a baseball infield; a ground-penetrating radar, supplied by the Italian Space Agency, to peer
beneath the surface for layers or rock, ice and, if present, water; and a radiometer to monitor
atmospheric dust, water vapor and temperature.

Two additional scientific investigations will analyze the motion of the spacecraft in orbit to study the
structure of the upper atmosphere and the Martian gravity field.

"We will keep pursuing a follow-the-water strategy with Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter," said Dr.
Michael Meyer, Mars exploration chief scientist at NASA Headquarters. "Dramatic discoveries by
Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey and the Mars Exploration Rovers about recent gullies, near-
surface permafrost and ancient surface water have given us a new Mars in the past few years.
Learning more about what has happened to the water will focus searches for possible Martian life,
past or present."

Dr. Richard Zurek of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., project scientist for the
orbiter, said, "Higher resolution is a major driver for this mission. Every time we look with increased
resolution, Mars has said, 'Here's something you didn't expect. You don't understand me yet.'  We're
sure to find surprises."

The orbiter will reach Mars in March 2006. It will gradually adjust the shape of its orbit by
aerobraking, a technique that uses the friction of careful dips into the planet's upper atmosphere. For
the mission's 25-month primary science phase, beginning in November 2006, the planned orbit
averages about 190 miles above the surface, more than 20 percent lower than the average for any of
the three current Mars orbiters. The lower orbit adds to the ability to see Mars as it has never been
seen before.

To get information from its instruments to Earth, the orbiter carries the biggest antenna ever sent to
Mars and a transmitter powered by large solar panels. "It can send 10 times as much data per minute
as any previous Mars spacecraft," said JPL's James Graf, project manager. "This increased return
multiplies the value of the instruments by permitting increased coverage of the surface at higher
resolution than ever before. The same telecommunications gear will be used to relay critical science
data to Earth from landers."

To loft so big a spacecraft, weighing more than two tons fully fueled, NASA will use a powerful
Atlas V launch vehicle for the first time on an interplanetary mission.

The mission is managed by JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, for
the NASA Science Mission Directorate. Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver, is the prime
contractor for the project and built the spacecraft.

For information about Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter on the Web, visit


To remove yourself from all mailings from NASA Jet Propulsion Labratory, please go to

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2005 20:11:27 -0300 (GMT-03:00)
Subject: Amazon News - July 21st, 2005

Amazon News
Friends of the Earth - Brazilian Amazon <?xml:namespace prefix = o ns =
"urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

Amazon News is a weekly information service provided by, the largest bilingual site on the Brazilian Amazon
region, in partnership with several Brazilian media.

Its publisher is Friends of the Earth - Brazilian Amazon, a Brazilian
non-profit and public interest registered organization.


Dear Friend,
Deforestation of Amazonia in June has decreased to pratically 5% of what
was registered this time last year - 531 km2 in comparison to 10,017 km2
in June 2004. After some initial scepticism the news was received with
euphoria. The government is cautious and points out the need to sustain
the repression throughout July and August. Read the article by O Eco:
A miracle occurred
O Eco

The news this week:

Against the greenhouse effect, specialist suggest deforestation control
O Estado de S.Paulo - 07/20/2005

Cattle ranching is felling the forest in the Chico Mendes Extractivist
Radiobr�s - 07/20/2005

Institute clarifies denouncement of invasion in the Labrea municipality
Jornal do Commercio - 07/20/2005

Stang's case: Bida to be judged in October
O Liberal - 07/19/2005

EMBRAPA to develop a plan for raising buffalo in Para state extractivist
Radiobr�s - 07/19/2005

Crackdown Not Enough to Stop Deforestation
Tierram�rica - IPS - 07/18/2005

Ten thousand Para nut trees cut down in the south of Para
Ag�ncia Estado - 07/18/2005

Rondonia's governor responds to the INCRA denouncement regarding the
absence of authorization for a hydro-electric plant
Radiobr�s - 07/18/2005

No clear response
O Eco - 07/17/2005

Soybean king wears dual crowns
The Miami Herald - 07/15/2005

Federal and state governments announce preliminary measures in an attempt
to contain deforestation in Mato Grosso state
ISA- Instituto Socioambiental - 07/14/2005

Deforestation in Rondonia state advances upon protected areas
ISA- Instituto Socioambiental - 07/14/2005

Federal Police assume inspection of Cinta Larga's Territroy to stop
Radiobr�s - 07/14/2005

Senate approves law that authorizes creation of Belo Monte
hydro-electrical plant
ISA- Instituto Socioambiental - 07/13/2005

Indigenous persons paint the River Negro with their great grandparents
O Estado de S.Paulo - 07/13/2005

More news
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          been registered with Friends of the Earth - Brazilian Amazon.

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"Amazon is not just a forest"

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