The Alan Sondheim Mail Archive

The Involuntary

"a. As a stout bull [differs] from an ordinary specimen of the cow-kind --
such is the remainder [which requires to be supplied in order to complete
the sense of the text]. b. Now, which are these? To this he replies.

"Stupefaction (stambha), perspiration (sweda), and horripilation
(romancha), disturbance of speech (swara-bhanga), trembling (vepathu),
change of colour (vaivarnya_, tears (asru), and fainting (pralaya),--these
eight are what are called the involuntary [evidences of strong emotion]."


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