The Alan Sondheim Mail Archive

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Date: Mon, 1 Dec 2008 12:20:20 EST
Subject: [vel] Google Earth used in Mumbai attacks

Update: Google Earth used by terrorists in India attacks
The terrorists that attacked Mumbai last week used digital maps from Google
Earth to learn their way around as well as technologies   such as satellite
phones and GPS

The�terrorists that attacked various locations in south Mumbai�last week used
digital maps from Google Earth to learn their way around, according to
officials investigating the attacks.

Investigations by the Mumbai police, including the interrogation of one
nabbed terrorist, suggest that the terrorists were   highly trained and used
technologies such as satellite phones, and global positioning systems (GPS),
according to police.

Google Earth has previously come in for criticism in India, including from
the country's former President, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

Kalam warned in a 2005 lecture that the easy availability online of detailed
maps of countries from services such as Google   Earth could be misused by

A Google spokeswoman said in an e-mail Monday that Google Earth's imagery is
already available through commercial and public   sources. Google Earth has
also been used by aid agencies for relief operations, which outweighs abusive
uses, she said.

ndian security agencies have�complained that Google Earth exposed Indian
defense�and other sensitive installations. Other nations, including China, have
made similar complaints regarding military locations.

However the places attacked by terrorists last week did not come under the
category of defense or sensitive installations.   The information available to
the terrorists on Google Earth about the locations they attacked is also
available on printed   tourism maps of Mumbai. The locations included two hotels, a
restaurant, a residential complex, and a railway statio

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